Foto: Acervo Estadão. Not only would the museum return the same amount of public space that it borrowed, but it would embrace the radical notion that a museum could both exhibit culture and serve as a stage on which it was created. LINA BO BARDI.  The building was designed for the theatre group with the same name whom were an important part of the Tropicalia movement of the late 1960s. One of Lina Bo Bardi’s final projects would also be her most ambitious. In the house, there are zones allocated to different functions- a dining room, a library, and a sitting area around the freestanding fireplace- but all are unified by the forest views through the glass. Space and the Architect: Lessons in Architecture 2.  In Rio, they were received by the IAB (Institute of Brazilian Architects). She was commissioned to turn a burnt office building in São Paulo into a theatre. 5, Lightness (March/April 1994), p. 24. She was the eldest of the two daughters of Giovana and Enrico Bo. On the one hand, the elegant glazing and open floor plans responsible for the visual levity of the museum belong firmly in the International Style tradition. Tropicalia strived for change and a way for Brazil to escape its colonial past. Veikos, Cathrine. much more than an architecture competition for students. , In 2015, The Guardian elected Lina Bo Bardi's Teatro Oficina (1991) as the best theatre in the world. The building features a suspended volume, spanning 74 meters, held aloft by 4 concrete columns connected by two concrete beam running along the length of the building, with 2 floors of gallery above and below the ground floor. Seguindo as pautas que guiam o ano de exposições no MASP, “Histórias das mulheres, histórias feministas”, o museu recebe uma exposição dedicada ao trabalho da arquiteta Lina Bo Bardi. Bo Bardi became a naturalized Brazilian citizen in 1951, the same year she completed her first built work, her own "Glass House" in the new neighborhood of Morumbi. , In 2013 the British Council, in collaboration with the Instituto Lina Bo Bardi e P.M. Bardi, created a fellowship called the Lina Bo Bardi Fellowship for UK architects to travel and work in Brazil. Visitors were released from the elevator into an unmediated field of suspended paintings and required to meander between pieces without a clear sense of progression. "Preservation as Conservation: The Work of Lina Bo Bardi", Columbia University School of Architecture, Retrieved 16 August 2014. Bo Bardi's basic design was used for the São Paulo Museum of Art (also known as "MASP") which was built between 1957 and 1968. In 1951 Bo Bardi designed the "Casa de Vidro" (“Glass House”) to live with her husband in what was then the remnants of the Mata Atlantica, the original rain forest surrounding São Paulo. The effect of the interplay of these ideas is dramatic, and the building’s innovative rethinking of conventional aesthetics hearkens to a uniquely Brazilian tradition of concrete modernism that includes Oscar Niemeyer and Roberto Burle Marx. Entretanto, acaba indo parar em São Paulo, onde faria história e deixaria um legado que seria eternizado na história da arquitetura moderna brasileira. A row of bedrooms face a narrow courtyard, on the other side of which is the blank wall of the staff wing. Much of this tension exists due to the building’s juxtaposition of modernist and brutalist elements.  Lina had an appreciation for art from a young age. 29-nov-2016 - Explora el tablero de Juan Gisbert "MASP - Lina Bo Bardi" en Pinterest. Inside, the main living area is almost completely open, except for a courtyard that allows the trees in the garden below to grow up into the heart of the house. In the 1950s, Bardi began designing metal-framed furniture with upholstered seats and backs. The heavy wooden seats are designed in a circle at center stage and the stage is very narrow. Ver más ideas sobre sao paulo, museo de arte, museos. Lina Bo Bardi: Habitat . Rather than copying the local forms, she hoped to incorporate the ideas behind them into the design in a way that was modern, and she celebrated the local environment.. From 1944-5 Bardi was the Deputy Director of Domus magazine.. Lina Bo and P. M. Bardi house in Morumbi, São Paulo, 1949–52, view from the northeastern side showing main glazed volume.  Her work was the subject of a 2012 exhibition at the British Council in London. Key Houses Of The Twentieth Century, Plans, Sections And Elevations. Bourdieu, P (1993). On the other, the colossal concrete piers and structural systems belong to the brutalist movement, which was in its heyday at the time of the museum’s construction. SESC Pompéia sent a shockwave through São Paulo. Nos anos cinquenta, Pietro Maria Bardi, marido de Lina, foi convidado pelo jornalista e empresário Assis Chateaubriand para dirigir o Museu de Arte de São Paulo. + Obras de Lina Bo Bardi: Museu de Arte de São Paulo. A torre do Masp na Avenida Paulista. Most of her drawings are not isolated events as they correlate and exist in a wide range of scales, patterns, relationships, and themes. It was just one example of the way in which the architect attempted to force visitors to reexamine preconceived notions of art. Casa de vidrio, São Paulo, Lina Bo Bardi. When she decided on becoming an architect, her father was not in total support of her decision. To read the stories behind other celebrated architecture projects, visit our AD Classics section. , In what she coins "Poor Architecture", one divorced from the pretentiousness often associated with cultured intellectuals, Bo Bardi sought to design a museum that embodied a simple form of monumental architecture. Achillina Bo, més coneguda com a Lina Bo Bardi (Roma - Itàlia, 5 de desembre de 1914 — São Paulo - Brasil, 20 de març de 1992) fou una arquitecta italobrasilera. The other half sits on solid ground at the top of the hill, on the north side of the living room. At São Paulo‘s Museum of Art, architectural historian Barry Bergdoll discovers the enduring power of Lina Bo Bardi‘s radical—and recently revived—exhibition design November 8, … In 1982 the first stage of the complex was revealed.  Bardi wanted each object to display its own "natural logic. Bo Bardi extended this discourse on art and politics into the main galleries, where for years a modernist open-floor plan radically redefined the hierarchies between works of art. After graduating in Rome, she began her career in the office of Giò Ponti in Milan before opening her own office. Lina Bo Bardi é um dos grandes nomes da arquitetura moderna brasileira.  She wrote and submitted the manuscript, "Contribuição Propedêutica ao Ensino da Teoria da Arquitetura" (Propaedeutic Contribution to the Teaching of Architecture Theory) to the school in 1957, hoping to win a permanent position there. In 1945, Domus commissioned Bo Bardi to travel around Italy with Carlo Pagani and photographer Federico Patellani to document and evaluate the situation of the destroyed country. In 1955 Bo Bardi became a lecturer for the Architecture and Urbanism Faculty at the University of São Paulo. Her husband, Pietro Maria Bardi, was curator. Lina Bo Bardi, née Achillina Bo le 5 décembre 1914 à Rome, et morte le 20 mars 1992 à São Paulo, est considérée comme une architecte brésilienne majeure du Mouvement Moderne.. En associant au rationalisme du Mouvement Moderne la plasticité de l’art vernaculaire sud-américain, elle privilégia une architecture de la spontanéité, empreinte d’un profond sentiment social. To do this, she left the colonial exterior intact and added the modern staircase. 1992. W W Norton & Co Inc, 2007. In this sense, the MASP is a testament to the power of architects to promote egalitarian values and social responsibility and through design. In 1990, the Instituto Lina Bo Bardi e P.M. Bardi was established to promote the study of Brazilian culture and architecture. The site is one of the world’s great democratic spaces in a city often lacking in them. Lina Bo Bardi, gebore as Achillina Bo (5 Desember 1914 – 20 Maart 1992), was 'n Brasiliaanse argitek en ontwerper van Italiaanse afkoms wat 'n beslissende bydrae tot die ontwikkeling van moderne boukuns in Brasilië gelewer het. Lina moved to São Paulo in 1946. , In 1989, at the age of 74, Bo Bardi was honored with the first exhibition of her work at the University of São Paulo.  She used orange gouache for the pochè, the filled-in section of walls, which suggests her use of bold graphic choices. The MASP’s monumental aesthetic is the result of an ingenious engineering scheme whose structural clarity dominates the building’s formal language. Lina Bo Bardi was born in Rome, Italy, in 1914, with the name of Achillina.  A number of her product designs are being revived, and exhibitions such as her 1968 exhibition of glass and concrete easels have been recreated. ANY: Architecture New York, No. Cultura & Lazer. From the terrace, for example, the weight of the building is intuitively obvious, but as a sensory experience it is notably missing. Initially, the theatre was designed for experimental director, Zé Celso, who has said that the idea of the space came to him in an acid trip. Stones Against Diamonds. SESC Pompeia is a cultural centre in the east zone of São Paulo, designed by the architect Lina Bo Bardi, and opened in 1982. The building was created on the site of an abandoned drum factory, between 1977 and 1986. Undeterred, Bo Bardi came up with a solution that was simple and powerful. AD Classics: São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP) / Lina Bo Bardi O prefeito de São Paulo, Faria Lima, Pietro Maria Bardi e o governador Abreu Sodré acompanham a rainha da Inglaterra, Elizabeth II, durante evento de inauguração da nova sede do Masp, na Avenida Paulista. While she studied under radical Italian architects, she quickly became intrigued with Brazilian vernacular design and how it could influence a modern Brazilian architecture. Casa de vidrio, São Paulo, Lina Bo Bardi. Courtesy of the ILBPMB. Completed in 1950 by Brazilian modernist architect Lina Bo Bardi, Casa de Vidro in Sao Paulo is considered a modern architecture in Brazil. Cidade das Crianças Por Blog Os melhores programas para crianças e família espalhados por São Paulo. 13.6k Likes, 73 Comments - Architectural Digest France (@ad_magazine) on Instagram: “Lina Bo Bardi, casa de Vidro, São Paulo @a_gaut”  When she died she left designs for a new São Paulo City Hall and a Cultural Centre for Vera Cruz. Bo Bardi wanted to respect the horizontal structure of the pre-existing warehouses and make use of all the available space. This was the first … Lina projetou várias construções no país como a Casa de Vidro, que hoje é instituição cultural mas foi residência da artista durante 40 anos, o SESC Pompeia, todos em São Paulo, e o Solar do Unhão, na Bahia, entre outros. Bo Bardi believed that a museum should not be a mausoleum of the past and should instead be an active site of knowledge. The theatre is often used by experimental performers who work around the space. Her goal was to restore extant buildings in ways that neither pandered to nostalgia nor ignored context. , She is recognizable for the unique style of the many architectural illustrations she created over her lifetime, along with her tendency to leave poignant notes to herself. Uno scorcio della mostra Lina Bo Bardi: Habitat, in corso al Museu de Arte de São Paulo (MASP). , Bo Bardi's drawings continued to have a presences in her education as an architect. As a result, the plaza remained open and unobstructed, and in 1968, the iconic São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP) was born. Lina Bo Bardi foi convidada para realizar o novo projeto e o museu foi transferido para sua sede atual, na famosa Avenida Paulista em São Paulo. Bo Bardi, L (2013). Over the past years, numerous artists and architects including Gilbert & George, Cildo Meireles, Isaac Julien, Cristina Iglesias, Norman Foster, Olafur Eliasson, and Adrián Villar Rojas have created works in homage to Lina Bo Bardi. 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